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Sandstone Buildings

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In Ficksburg

-28.8719, 27.8743


+27 82 920 5551


Sandstone buildings are synonymous with the eastern Free State. In fact, in almost every small town you’ll find an example of this architecture. Such is the quality and splendour of Free State sandstone that it has inspired some of the country’s most important structures – including the Union Buildings in Pretoria.

Much of the sandstone quarried in the Free State comes from Ficksburg so start your quest on President Brand Street, which is lined with glorious sandstone architecture. Sandstone was used architecturally for the first time here in 1885 - in a bay window that can still be seen at McBride’s House, situated in McCabe Street.

Most of Ficksburg’s churches and the town hall, post office, railway station and the bridge across the Caledon River are built from the local sandstone. Ficksburg’s Old Mill is said to be the highest sandstone building in South Africa.

More generally, the Eastern Free State is famous for its picturesque multi-coloured sandstone cliffs and rock formations and its historic sandstone architecture.

To experience the best of both, drive the Sandstone Route – a scenic meander though the south-eastern border towns of Ficksburg, Fouriesburg, and Clocolan, towards Ladybrand.

Arty Clarens, watched over by a huge sandstone formation aptly named Titanic Rock, is the beginning of the Sandstone Route. You’ll definitely want to spend a day or two here exploring its myriad galleries, shops and restaurants.

Just 20 minutes away is the Golden Gate Highlands National Park, South Africa’s only national park proclaimed as such purely for it’s outstanding landscapes. A drive or a hike here is a must-do.

Motor on to Fouriesburg where you can visit San rock art sites or explore its flat-topped sandstone hills on foot or on horse back. Your next stop is Ficksburg, an agricultural centre that has lost none of its country charm. Use the town as a convenient base to pop across the border into Lesotho or enjoy old-fashioned fun at its cherry festival in October.

The surrounds of Clocolan, a small farming community, will appeal to outdoor enthusiasts. Go hiking, drive 4x4 trails and go fishing. For good measure play a round of golf at Clocolan’s 9-hole golf course. A winter visit will yield postcard-pretty snow-scapes.

Your final destination is Ladybrand, which offers fine examples of sandstone architecture and an interesting museum with fossils and stone-age tools. Located close to the Maluti Mountains, Ladybrand’s landscapes lure mountain bikers, horse riders, hikers and photographers.

Photography: Chris Marais/Mainline Media

Thabo Mofutsanyana

Free State


The northern and eastern sections of the Free State, commonly referred to as the “eastern Free State”, nudge up against the borders of Gauteng, Mpumalanga and the Kingdom of Lesotho. Officially the region is called Thabo Mofutsanayana.  Mofutsanyana, born in QwaQwa, was a leading light of both the African National Congress and the South African Communist Party until his death in 1995.

Geographically, this region bucks a trend. While most of the Free State is flat, the eastern reaches tower up as the Drakensberg and the Malotis come into play. The landscape climbs and soars, leaving impressive cliffs and buttresses of sandstone, and hidden caves in its wake.

Nowhere is the scene more striking that at the Golden Gate Highlands National Park near the village of Clarens. The maze of sculptured rock formations here is almost too much to absorb.  Sunset colours the cliffs in shades of ochre, hence the reference to gold in the name of the park.

These higher altitudes, of course, do wonders for the eastern Free State air, which is crisp, clean and bracing, conducive to a feeling of good health.

Clarens is one of the villages that lie in the foothills of the Malotis. With its mountainous surrounds, it is said to be reminiscent of the Swiss village of Clarens, where President Paul Kruger lived out his exile.

A town of sandstone buildings set amidst farmland, it has undergone something of a reincarnation in recent years as an artists’ colony. Just three hours or so from Gauteng’s big cities, weekenders come down to roam its galleries and craft shops.

The principal town in this region is Bethlehem. Once again sandstone buildings are characteristic of the town, which is the centre of a farming community that produces the lion’s share of South Africa’s wheat crop.

It has both built and natural attractions, including a flat-water slalom course for canoeists on the Ash River. Bethlehem is also the location of an annual national hot-air balloon championship.

Also set against an imposing Maloti backdrop is Ficksburg, renowned for its annual Cherry Festival in summer. A gateway to Lesotho and its Katse Dam, the town’s environs offer much in the way of adventure activity, such as 4x4 trails, quad-biking, abseiling, trout-fishing and game-viewing.

Other Thabo Mofutsanyane towns are Arlington, Clocolan, Fouriesburg, Harrismith, Kestell, Lindley, Marquard, Memel, Paul Roux, Petrus Steyn, Phuthaditjhaba, Reitz, Rosendal, Senekal, Vrede and Warden.

Look out for

Golden Gate Highlands National Park – This park is a theatre of natural, towering sandstone formations, named “golden” for their colour at sunset.  At that time of day, the best place to appreciate the beauty is the highest point in the park, Ribbokkop.  The former QwaQwa National Park was incorporated into Golden Gate in 2005.  Horseriding is a popular outdoor pursuit in the park, which is valued for its plant, animal and bird life.  A number of accommodation options are available.

Basotho Cultural Village –  South Sotho architecture, arts and crafts, herbal medicinal remedies and cuisine can be explored at the Basotho Cultural Village near Phuthaditjhaba.  Song and dance folklore shows can also be enjoyed.

The Sentinel – Also near Phuthaditjhaba, it is the access point for a series of trails that lead hikers to the rear of the Drakensberg Amphitheatre and some of the country’s most magnificent scenery.  Geographical features to view are The Sentinel, Devil’s Tooth, the Eastern Buttress and the Tugela Falls.

Discovering cherries, Ficksburg  - The annual Cherry Festival in Ficksburg takes place in November.  It is a three-day event that attracts thousands and entertains with fun activities such as horse- and camel-rides.  Cherry farm tours, however, take place throughout the cherry season, which is in October and November.  Locally made cherry liqueurs, brandies and schnapps should be tasted to complete the experience.

Clarens – A host of things to do and see in Clarens includes the Artist Amble, a route of galleries open to the public; rock art on Schaapplaats Farm; sandstone formations such as Mushroom Rock and Titanic Rock; dinosaur fossils at Sue’s Zoo; fly-fishing as well as bass- and river-fishing; hiking and horse-riding.

Sterkfontein Dam, Harrismith – The third largest dam in South Africa, the Sterkfontein Dam is a popular venue for water sports and angling.  Predating the Lesotho Highlands project, the water that fills the dam is pumped up from KwaZulu-Natal.  It is then released into the Wilge River, from where it flows into the Vaal Dam.    The Sterkfontein Dam’s banks are surrounded by a nature reserve where strange rock formations are just as interesting to view as buck and raptors.  Camping and chalet accommodation is available, as well as hiking trails.

Salpeterkrans – At Fouriesburg you will find Salpeterkrans, one of the largest sandstone overhangs in the southern hemisphere, shaped by wind erosion.  It not surprising that it is considered a sacred site where ancestral worship and fertility rites take place.

Rosendal – like the town of Clarens, Rosendal is known for its arty vibe. There are numerous art galleries in and around town, as well as quaint shops and restaurants. The Meerkatkolonie Art Gallery is a must. Rosendal is a popular weekend getaway destination for those who live in Pretoria and Johannesburg.

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