South Africa occupies the southern-most tip of Africa.
The country stretches latitudinally from 22° south to 35° south and longitudinally from 17° east to 33° east.
It has a surface area is 1.2 million square km and a coastline of about 3 000km.
The country has common boundaries with Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Swaziland and Lesotho.
Prince Edward and Marion islands (1 900km southeast of Cape Town) were annexed by South Africa in 1947.