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Groendal Wilderness Area

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12km from Uitenhage

-33.6905, 25.2695


+27 41 991 9912, +27 41 991 9913


The remote and unspoilt 30 000-hectare Groendal Wilderness Area lies at the eastern extremity of the Winterhoek Mountains, about 40 kilometres northwest of Port Elizabeth. It protects the water-catchment area of the KwaZungha River, with the Groendal Dam at its centre. 

Lying within the Groot Winterhoek mountain range, this wilderness area has rugged terrain cut through by numerous streams and ravines. Strydomsberg is the highest peak in the reserve, at 1 180 metres. The lowest point in the reserve (107 metres) is at the boundary along the Elands River.

The reserve is the third-largest proclaimed wilderness in South Africa. Historically, it was a refuge for the Khoi-San people. Evidence of their presence in the area is well documented in the paintings on the walls of caves and shelters in the area. Note that all paintings, archaeological artefacts and archaeological sites are protected by law.

The reserve’s terrain is rugged and mountainous, with a multitude of deep kloofs, flowing streams and clear pools. The vegetation is predominantly fynbos, with a great diversity of individual species. In fact, more than 2 000 species have been recorded so far.

The variety of wildlife protected by the wilderness area includes bushbuck, duiker, grey rhebuck, mountain reedbuck, grysbok, bushpig, vervet monkey and leopard. Bird life within the Groendal Wilderness Area is fairly diverse, with about 180 species having been recorded.

The reserve has a number of marked and unmarked hiking trails. The Blindekloof Trail is a relatively easy 16-kilometre day trail. It starts from the office parking area, leads through succulent thicket and riverine forest and follows the Blindekloof Stream to Crystal Cavern Pool. Hikers return along the same route. There is also a short, clearly marked circular trail route about four kilometres long, which is popular with visitors to the Rooikrantz picnic area.

The unmarked wilderness trails require good map-reading skills. Upper Blindekloof is a 32-kilometre hike. From the parking area, it leads uphill for the first 16 kilometres before descending steeply to Blindekloof Stream. The route involves many compulsory swims. The Dam Trail is a strenuous 34-kilometre trail, while the Emerald Pool Trail is another strenuous 32–kilometre hike. Permits and maps for hiking and overnight camping are available from the office.

Sunshine Coast

Eastern Cape


With the most recorded sunshine hours in South Africa, the name Sunshine Coast is no idle boast or empty promise. Situated between Port Elizabeth and East London, the quaintness of the Sunshine Coast is a welcome escape from big-city bustle. 

The area includes the inland towns of Alexandria, Salem and Bathhurst, with kilometres of beaches accessed via Cannon Rocks, Boknes, Bushmans River Mouth, Kenton-on-sea, Kasouga, Port Alfred and the Great Fish River area. The mixed derivations of these names suggest the rich cultural heritage of the area – the primary meeting point of San, Xhosa, Boer and British. The British influence is clear in the architecture of Bathhurst, Salem and Grahamstown.

Driving on the N2 or its tributaries the R67 or R72, the rolling green hills Lord Charles Somerset likened to English parklands were not exactly what the settlers expected. The unique dark golden-green shade of the Albany Thicket biome is due to the dense growth of hardy drought-resistant plants such as aloe, euphorbia and spekboom. Rain falls in winter and summer, and while not frequent, it is at times unpredictable, so the vegetation is built to withstand fickle skies.

Although unattractively scrubby to some, the Thicket contains 20% of the 316 threatened plant species found in the Eastern Cape, making it an important centre of endemism.

One is tempted to describe this beautiful and unusual landscape as “untouched”, but the area has long been farmed, with cattle, sheep, ostriches, pineapples and chicory among its historically successful concerns. Many farms have since been converted back into game reserves, such as the world-class, malaria-free Kariega and Shamwari Reserves. Game fences line the long, quiet, tarred roads and drivers are often startled at the sight of elephants, giraffes or other game grazing along the fences.

Drivers should also look out for smaller wildlife - porcupines, small antelope, hares, snakes, owls and tortoises - crossing the roads at dawn, dusk and at night.

The beaches and dunes of this coastline are magnificent. The Alexandria dunefield - famously the largest active dunefield in the world - and the exquisite Alexandria State Forest have been absorbed by the Greater Addo Elephant National Park. 

While Kenton-on-sea and Port Alfred are the main seaside attractions, the family-oriented Cannon Rocks, Boknes and Kasouga are popular places to buy holiday homes and have a few lovely self-catering and guest cottages.

The Dias Cross at Kwaaihoek is a replica of the padrão erected there by Portuguese explorer Bartholomeu Dias on his 1488 cruise past the South African coast. At the Cross there is a deck for dolphin sightings and whale-spotting in late spring and early summer. In season, southern right whales are sighted all along the Sunshine Coast.

Despite its fairly good roads and obvious attractions, this area is still, miraculously, relatively unspoilt and undeveloped. With the exception of the graceful Port Alfred Marina, attempts to beat its bush and rivers into commercial shape have been abandoned and it remains gentle, peaceful, simple, pristine and soul-enriching.

Situated on the Indian Ocean, one needn’t expect the “bath water” temperatures of KwaZulu-Natal  - Sunshine Coast swims are invigoratingly cool and sometimes chilly, but seldom as achingly cold as the Western Cape.

The area doesn’t have the same flashy allure as other popular seaside destinations, but if you think of the coast as a place to relax and unwind, rather than paint the town red, there is no better place to visit.

Look out for

Addo Elephant National Park, 30 minutes from PE, features the “Big Seven” (the Big Five, plus southern right whales and great white sharks).

Explore Alexandria’s dunefields on the two-day Alexandria Hiking Trail or the seven-kilometre Dassie Day Trail, named for a rare tree dassie in the area.

Bathurst - founded in 1820, this “English country village in Africa”, 10 minutes from Port Alfred, is home to the Pig & Whistle, the oldest pub in South Africa, and the 16,7-metre-high Big Pineapple.

With unspoiled beaches, the tiny villages of Cannon Rocks, Boknes, Kleinemonde are a fisherman’s and bird-watcher’s paradise. Cannon Rocks is named for its two cannons and anchor. The Dias Cross at Kwaaihoek is an uplifting thee-kilometre walk from Boknes across incredible sandy beaches, or a six-kilometre walk at low tide from Bushmans River.

Bushmans River – the second-longest navigable river in South Africa, with 22 kilometres of navigable water, is a favourite with canoeists, sailors, water-skiers and fishermen.

Kasouga – maintains its rustic beginnings with dirt roads and no streetlights, hotels and shops, wonderful birdlife and an exquisite lagoon.

Port Alfred – enjoy the elegance of the Royal Alfred Marina. Famous for its annual powerboat race, Port Alfred offers provides great shopping, dining, and beauty retreats.

The Sunshine Coast, and nearby holiday meccas such as Great Fish River, St Francis Bay, Cape St Francis, Jeffreys Bay, Tsitsikamma and the Wild Coast, offers excellent surfing, adventure and water sports, fishing, nature reserves and world-class hikes, mountain biking, canoeing, beach horse-rides, bird watching, 4x4 trails, game-viewing, golf, and as well as rich local arts and culture.

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